Shrub, 3-12 feet tall
Light: fun sun to light shade
Soil: moist to wet
One of the earliest spring bloomers, silky catkins appear before the leaves emerge. Important food source for emerging bees.
First year twigs green and hairy turn red.
Red-tipped new growth
Pollinator value: Very High
The caterpillars of the Striped Hairstreat, Red-Spotted Purple and Mourning Cloak butterflies eat the leaves. Warblers, the Philadelphia Vireo and other birds nest in willows, and turtles eat the leaves.
Mourning Cloak caterpillar host.