Height: 8' thicket of woody stems OR small tree up to 20'.
Light: full sun
Soil: Moist to wet
Good natural hedge; spreads by suckers to form a graceful, branching windbreak
Reddish twigs and pleasant fall color
Caterpillars of the Mourning Cloak, White Admiral, Acadian Hairstreak, Striped Hairstreak and other butterflies feed on the leaves as do the caterpillars of hundreds of moth species.
Mallard and Northern Pintail ducks, the Ruffed Grouse and White-Crowned Sparrow feed on the buds or catkins
Small mammals feed on the leaves and branches.
Excellent for riverbank stabilization
Beautiful yellow and orange fall color