- Current height: 3 feet
- Mature height: 3 to 6 feet with a spread of 3 to 6 feet
- Growth rate: Fast (colonizes)
- Light: Full sun to part shade (best fruit in full sun)
- Soil: Medium (wide range of tolerance including floods)
- One for fruit
- Landscape uses: Hedge, good for rain gardens, naturalized areas; also suitable for small gardens
- Photos and more information here
- Photos: Creative Commons
Fun fact: The black and purple berries are edible but so tart that they will, as the name suggests, make you choke!
Pollinator value: Very high. Attracts native bees, honey bees, wasps, and flies; is also larval host to butterflies and moths.
This perennial shrub’s dark green foliage turns crimson in the fall. It can be grouped or massed in shrub borders and gardens and is highly flood tolerant, making it suitable to grow near ponds and streams. It grows aggressively and provides a good intermediate food source for birds. The tart, bitter berries can be used to make tasty jams and jellies.