- Height: 50-60 feet, 5 to 6 foot spread
- Growth rate: Medium to fast (13” to more than 24” per year)
- Light: Full sun
- Soil: Moist, well drained.
- Fruit: Rounded, prickly capsules
- Foliage: Star-shaped, deciduous, red, orange fall
- Landscape: Specimen or hedge, and for tight spaces.
- Fun fact: In earlier times, a chewing gum was produced from resin inside the bark.
- More information and native range (straight species) here
Pollinator value: Very high. Larval host to the Luna Moth, Promethea Silkmoth, and dozens of other species. Native bees, honey bees, wasps, flies and beetles, and many bird species feast on the seeds and insects that feed on the leaves.
This cultivar was found growing in the wild in Tennessee. It grows in a column, with a narrow spread from top to bottom. Its hard, spiky seed balls fall close to the trunk and not all over the lawn.
Fall colors can offer a brilliant mix of yellows, oranges, reds, and purples.