- Current height: 2 to 3 feet
- Mature height: 50 to 80 feet, with a 20 to 40-foot spread (grows taller in the wild)
- Growth rate: Fast (more than 24 inches per year)
- Light: Full sun to part shade
- Soil: Dry to moist
- Landscape uses: Ideal screen or windbreak; also an attractive ornamental tree.
- Deer resistance: Moderate
- Fun fact: White Pine was the most valuable commodity of the early settlers and by the 1700s the most sought-after tree in the world. To protect the White Pine from complete devastation New York created the Adirondack Park in the 1890s.
More photos and information here
Pollinator value: Medium. Serves as larval host to butterflies and moths; songbirds feed on the seeds; birds nest in its branches.
This stately and hardy evergreen is the Northeast’s largest conifer, which in the wild can reach above 100 feet.
It has a distinctive, plum-like outline, with branches that grow horizontal and in tiers making it a popular Christmas tree. It produces feathery clusters of light- to blue-green needles and cones of 6 to 8 inches.
White Pine tolerates a wide range of soil conditions but does not thrive in urban conditions or tolerate many air pollutants.