- Height: 50 to 80 feet, with a 20 to 40-foot spread (grows taller in the wild)
- Growth rate: Fast (more than 24 inches per year)
- Light: Full sun to part shade
- Soil: Dry to moist, sandy or rocky
- Bloom: Cones, once the tree reaches 8 to 10 years
- Foliage: Blue-green, soft, evergreen
- Landscape uses: Specimen, hedge, native plant garden
- Resistance: Deer (moderate), rabbits
- Fun fact: White Pine was the most valuable commodity of the early settlers and by the 1700s the most sought-after tree in the world. To protect the White Pine from complete devastation New York created the Adirondack Park in the 1890s.
More information and native range here
Pollinator value: Medium. Wind pollinated. Larval host to the Imperial and dozens of other butterfly and moth species. Birds feed on its seeds and nest in its branches.
This stately and hardy evergreen is the Northeast’s largest conifer, which in the wild can reach more than 100 feet.
It has a distinctive, plum-like outline, with branches that grow horizontal and in tiers making it a popular Christmas tree. It produces feathery clusters of light- to blue-green needles and cones of 6 to 8 inches.
White Pine makes a great hedge or windscreen. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions but does not thrive in urban conditions or tolerate many air pollutants.