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     As winter arrives and Winterberry Holly loses its leaves, its red fruits stand out among the landscape.


     Winterberry is a larval host to the Lo Moth and other species, and it attracts native bees, flies, beetles, wasps and other pollinators.  Songbirds and small mammals enjoy the fruits in winter when there's not much else to eat.  The fruits grow on the female plants, and a male is needed within 50 feet for berries.


     In spring Winterberry is covered with tiny white daisy-like flowers with greenish centers.  This shrub makes a great hedge, and it works well as a foundation planting and incorporated into a native or pollinator garden.  


     3rd Photo: Katja Schulz

Winterberry; Deciduous Holly

3 Gallons
    • Latin: Ilex verticillata
    • Pollinator value: Very High
    • Wetland status: FACW
    • Height: 6-10 feet high and wide; rounded form
    • Light: Full sun to part shade
    • Soil: Moist; native to bogs and swamps; tolerates wet
    • Blooms:  Whitish, April-July
    • Fruit: orange-red drupes fall through winter -- male required for female berries
    • Foliage: Dark green; inconsistent fall
    • Landscape: Hedge, border, native and winter garden
    • Resistance: deer
    • Native range here
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